Scenarioplanning - social futures

Rationaliseringsteori - formningen af menneskenes oplevelse af verden
Jürgen Habermas om afmystificeringen af verden: (Disenchantment). 
J. Habermas: 'Reason and the rationalization of society'.

Ateisme er en afvisning af tro på en eller flere guder.

Sekularisme er primært den opfattelse at politiske forhold bør diskuteres uafhængigt af religion.

Technology and the Self

How Technology Changes Our Concept of the Self 
A Conversation with Peter Galison 
... Now, I see a new notion of the self emerging; we start by modeling artificial intelligence on a conception of who we are, and then begin seeing ourselves ever more in our encounter with AI. ... 

Norbert Wiener: How we were going to shoot down bombers
...  Norbert Wiener said at the beginning of World War II, "The physicists are not going to save us, not in the short term, not in this period of the Battle of Britain. We need people who understand telecommunications, people who understand this new concept of information, not abstract physics ideas about signal-to-noise ratios. We need a concrete understanding of time series of data so we can make a machine that can learn the way a German bomber pilot is moving his aircraft around in the sky, so the tracking machine can anticipate where the plane will likely be seven or eight seconds in the future. Only with that knowledge could the anti-aircraft batteries put a shell there and destroy the airplane." ... 


Zygmunt Bauman 2017: Retrotopia. Cambridge: Polity.
Review: ... .. With Retrotopia, Bauman returns to the utopian and dystopian strands in the dynamic of our present condition, first discussed extensively in Liquid Modernity.
In these days, he states, the utopian aspiration is projected towards the return to an ideal past more than towards the construction of a better future, ...
... the need to resurrect the lost moral standards and restore spiritual values in the young; ... Already in his classic work ‘Liquid Modernity’, Zygmunt Bauman raised alarm over the feature of fluid modern society to favour the colonization of public space ... ... 

The emergence of retrotopia is interwoven with the deepening gulf between power and politics ...  the gulf between the ability to get things done and the capability of deciding what things need to be done, a capability once vested with the territorially sovereign state. ... 

Zygmunt Bauman 2015: (with Irena Bauman, Jerzy Kociatkiewicz, and Monika Kostera) Management in a Liquid Modern World. Cambridge: Polity.

Modeling Religion

Modeling Religion Project 
...  computer modeling and simulation. By building agent-based and system-dynamics models of psychological and social processes, we are creating comparable versions of theories ... ... 

Modeling Religion in Norway (modrn) ... 

How to Code a Theory of Religion  
Video by Dr. Jenn Lindsay, Documentarian for CMAC, and

LeRon Shults: ... our models are transparent and the code is always online. University of Agder in Norway. ... 

USA and EU - People tend to secularize when four factors are present:
Using a separate model, Future of Religion and Secular Transitions (forest), the team found that people tend to secularize when four factors are present: existential security (you have enough money and food), personal freedom (you’re free to choose whether to believe or not), pluralism (you have a welcoming attitude to diversity), and education (you’ve got some training in the sciences and humanities). If even one of these factors is absent, the whole secularization process slows down. This, they believe, is why the U.S. is secularizing at a slower rate than Western and Northern Europe. ... 


Gore, Lemos, and Shults, “Forecasting Changes in Religiosity and Existential Security with an Agent-based Model,” Journal of the Artificial Social Simulation Society, 2018. 

Shults, “Can we predict and prevent religious radicalisation?” in Gwyneth Øverland, ed., Processes of Violent Extremism in the 21st century: International and Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Cambridge Scholars Press, in press.

Shults, “How to survive the Anthropocene: Adaptive atheism and the evolution of Homo deiparensis,” Religions 6/2 (2015): 1-18.

Tolk, Wildman, Diallo, and Shults, “Human Simulation as Lingua Franca for relating the Humanities and Social Sciences,” to appear in a special issue of the Journal of Cognition and Culture, in production for 2018.

Wildman, Shults, and Fishwick, “Teaching at the intersection of simulation and the humanities,” with Wesley J. Wildman and Paul Fishwick, in Proceedings of the 2017 Winter Simulation Conference, in press. ... 

Ideologi og psykologi

Verdensopfattelser og den indre natur

Erich Klawonn: Jeg’ets ontologi – En afhandling om subjektivitet, bevidsthed og personlig identitet, Odense Universitetsforlag, 1991.
Erich Klawonn: Sjæl-legeme-problemet - Positioner og argumenter, 2001.
Erich Klawonn: Sjælen og døden - En bevidsthedsfilosofisk undersøgelse, 2006.

Lübcke, P., Collin, F.: A Critical Note on Klawonn
Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 25, i: s. 73-88. David Favrholdt, Finn Collin, Uffe Juul Jensen, Sven Erik Nordenbo, Klemens Kappel og Poul Lübcke (red). Museum Tusculanums Forlag, København 1990. ... 

Professor: Mennesket har en sjæl  
...  mennesket har en sjæl, der ikke blot er et resultat af fysiske processer i hjernen.
... Mennesket er mere end sin krop. Klawonn henviser til den engelske forfatter G. K. Chesterton. Han siger, at det handler om at få hovedet ind i himlen, ikke at få himlen ind i hovedet.

G. K. Chesterton (1874 – 1936) 
Chesterton routinely referred to himself as an "orthodox" Christian, and came to identify this position more and more with Catholicism.
... Great joy does not gather the rosebuds while it may; its eyes are fixed on the immortal rose which Dante saw.
... Mr. Shaw, not being easily pleased, decides to throw over humanity with all its limitations and go in for progress for its own sake.

Catholicism and G. K. Chesterton against liberalism 
The most virulent attacks in the Marconi affair were launched by Hilaire Belloc and the brothers Cecil and G. K. Chesterton, whose hostility to Jews was linked to their opposition to liberalism, their backward-looking Catholicism, and their nostalgia for a medieval Catholic Europe that they imagined was ordered, harmonious, and homogeneous.


Technology molds our explanations of intelligence  
prediction is the essence of intelligence ... 

The Emergence of Intelligence ... 


Antal kristne kirkegængere i Danmark og Vesteuropa. ... ... 

AI, psykologi og ideologi

Brendan Lake described a roadmap toward “Building Machines that Learn and Think like People. ... (social self) -> intuitive psychology ... ... 

Building Machines That Learn and Think Like People 
... Specifically, we argue that these machines should (a) build causal models of the world that support explanation and understanding ...  (b) ground learning in intuitive theories of physics and psychology.

Steven Pinker.

Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress
Enlightenment values such as reason, science, and humanism ...  argue that health, prosperity, safety, peace, and happiness are on the rise. ... ... 

Pinker, Steven 2007:The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window Into Human Nature. Viking. ... 

Elon Musk: ‘Mark my words — A.I. is far more dangerous than nukes’ ... 

Harvard psychologist Steven Pinker: The idea that A.I. will lead to the end of humanity is like the Y2K bug ... 

Ideologi, demografi og miljø

Want To Slow Global Warming? Researchers Look To Family Planning 
... The study concludes that four high-impact ways to reduce CO2 gas emissions include having fewer children, living without a car, avoiding airplane travel and eating a vegetarian diet. ... 

UN Secretary General: Recommend Sustainable Family Planning 
... A statement by the Secretary General on the need for sustainable family planning is essential for impelling governments to overcome the taboo on family size ... 

Open Letter to UN Secretary-General regarding the need for a new statement on family planning
Better family planning is now understood to be an effective way to prevent the conditions that give rise to terrorism and other conflict-based threats to human rights and
democracy. ... pdf

Fitness ideologi

Introduction to the concept of the quantified self 

The measure of all things: potentials and risks of self-tracking  
Condensed version of the TA-SWISS study on the quantified self
The lucrative business with body data, page 11.
Risks - what is normal and abnormal?
If individuals are overshadowed by statistics, society runs the risk of becoming standardised, as diversity is eroded in favour of an ideal norm. As people increasingly orient themselves on measured data, it influences their understanding of what is “normal” and “abnormal”. Those who deviate from what is regarded as “normal”, for example because a physical impairment prevents them from walking a certain distance each day, are at risk of becoming disadvantaged by being excluded socially, denied favourable terms of insurance or discriminated against on the employment market. ... 

Google’s corporate image

Google: The seven principles of AI 
1) Be socially beneficial
2) Avoid creating or reinforcing unfair bias
3) Be built and tested for safety
4) Be accountable to people
5) Incorporate privacy design principles
6) Uphold high standards of scientific excellence
7) Be made available for uses that accord with these principles.
George Zarkadakis: Google’s mission statement aims to resolve the AI vs. humans debate in favour of humans remaining in control. 
Calum Chace: There is something missing though – the acknowledgement that technological unemployment is a real possibility.

Google employees internal petition 
We believe that Google should not be in the business of war. Therefore we ask that Project Maven be cancelled ... This plan will irreparably damage Google’s brand and its ability to compete for talent. ... googleletter.pdf

Google AI news

Christianity - USA

It’s Getting Harder to Talk About God 
The decline in our spiritual vocabulary has many real-world consequences.
By Jonathan Merritt 2018.
... Christians in 21st-century America ... ... 

Christianity in the United States  
Christianity is the most adhered to religion in the United States, with 75% of polled American adults identifying themselves as Christian in 2015. This is down from 85% in 1990, ... 

Religious groups in the U.S.

Christianity in the U.S. - statistics & facts ... 
Religious identification of Americans from 1948-2017 
...  In 2017, about 38 percent of Americans were Protestants, down from 69 percent in 1948. ... 


Whole Brain Emulation: A Roadmap   
Anders Sandberg and Nick Bostrom 2008. 
... Whole brain emulation (WBE), the possible future one‐to‐one modelling of the function of the human brain.

Siden er under konstruktion.

Prevent Artificial Intelligence Limiting Human Self-Determination 
FullAI is the world’s first non-governmental initiative advocating human self-determination over artificial intelligence.