Scenarioplanning - social futures

Strategic management

Strategic management involves the formulation and implementation of the major goals and initiatives taken by an organization's top management on behalf of owners.

Alfred D. Chandler (1918–2007), founder of modern business history.
Chris Argyris, founding father of the learning organization
Henry Mintzberg, management and strategic planning.
Herbert Simon (1916–2001), A founding figure of the field of AI.
H. Igor Ansoff (1918–2002), father of strategic management.
John P. Kotter, business leadership and change.
Joseph M. Juran, total quality management.
Michael Porter, how a firm or a region can build a competitive advantage
Peter F. Drucker, a humanistic approach to management.
Rosabeth M. Kanter, introduced the concept of ‘empowerment’. 
Tom Peters, search of excellence.     
W. Edwards Deming, Total Quality Management. ...

Peter Drucker

The age of discontinuity - 1969 (re-issued 1992)
This book does not project trends; it examines discontinuities. It does not forecast tomorrow; it looks at today. It does not ask: 'What will tomorrow look like?'
It asks instead: 'What do we have to tackle today to make tomorrow?'

Managing in turbulent times - 1980
The issues raised in The age of discontinuity were re-visited a decade later in Managing in turbulent times. Change, uncertainty and turbulence were the underpinning themes as Drucker highlighted the new realities of changing population demographics, global markets and a 'bisexual' workforce.

Peter Drucker, 1909-2005 
Among Drucker's influences was Joseph Schumpeter.
Drucker's career as a business thinker took off in 1942, when his initial writings won him access to General Motors (GM). The resulting book: Concept of the Corporation, popularized GM's multidivisional structure. GM's chairman, Alfred Sloan, was so upset about the book that he "simply treated it as if it did not exist".

Målstyring er en betegnelse for en ledelsesdisciplin, der beskæftiger sig med styring af organisationer efter mål.
Betydning af målfastsættelse blev første gang formuleret af Peter Drucker i bogen "The Practice of Management" (1954) i temaet "Management by objectives".
Når målene skal defineres, tales der ofte om at de skal være SMARTe. Denne forkortelse kommer fra den engelske betegnelse : Specific (Specifik), Measurable (Målbare), Achievable (Opnåelige), Relevant (Relevante) og Time-bound (Tidsbestemte). ... 

SMART criteria  
The November 1981 issue of Management Review contained a paper by George T. Doran called There's a S.M.A.R.T. way to write management's goals and objectives

Management by objectives (MBO), also known as management by results (MBR), was first popularized by Peter Drucker in his 1954 book The Practice of Management.
... This process also helps organization members to see their accomplishments as they achieve each objective, which reinforces a positive work environment and a sense of achievement.

PDCA (plan–do–check–act or plan–do–check–adjust) is an iterative four-step management method
This emphasis on observation and current condition has currency with the literature on lean manufacturing and the Toyota Production System.

Igor Ansoff

Igor Ansoff (1918-2002)
In the 1950s employed by the Rand Corporation.
At Lockheed he became Vice President of Planning and Director of Diversification.
Known for his research in three specific areas:
1: The concept of environmental turbulence.
2: The contingent strategic success paradigm. 
3: Real-time strategic management.

Ansoff var sammen med Drucker, Andrews, og Chandler hovedansvarlig for at forme strategifeltet.
Udvikling af det strategiske værktøj: Ansoffs vækst matrice.

Ansoffs Vækstmatrice 
Salgsudvikling (markedspenetrering):  
Integration: Vertikal integration, horisontal integration og strategisk alliance.


How Kodak missed the digital photography revolution 
Lucas, H. C., & Goh, J. M. (2009). Disruptive technology: How Kodak missed the digital photography revolution.
The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 18(1), 46-55.

How Nokia lost the smartphone battle
Vuori, T. O., & Huy, Q. N. (2016). Distributed attention and shared emotions in the innovation process: How Nokia lost the smartphone battle.
Administrative Science Quarterly, 61(1), 9-51.

Emerging Technologies with Disruptive Effects: A Review  
Airini Ab Rahman et al. 2017. ... 

Disruption framework

Disruption framework
Clean Disruption of Energy and Transportation
- CWA - Boulder, 2018
... Disruption of AT&T, Kodak and Nokia. ... 

Rethinking Transportation 2020-2030: The Disruption of Transportation and the Collapse of the Internal-Combustion Vehicle and Oil Industries:
Volume 1 (RethinkX Sector Disruption). 
James Arbib and Tony Seba. Publisher: RethinkX; 1 edition 2017.

Clean Disruption of Energy and Transportation: How Silicon Valley Will Make Oil, Nuclear, Natural Gas, Coal, Electric Utilities and Conventional Cars Obsolete by 2030. 
Seba, Tony 2014:. Publisher: Tony Seba; Beta edition. ...